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CCNPv8 ENCOR (Version 8.0) – OSPF Exam Answers


CCNPv8 ENCOR (Version 8.0) – OSPF Exam Answers

Chapters 8 – 10: OSPF Exam Answers

1. What is the function of the OSPF LSR packet?

  • It is used to confirm the receipt of LSUs.
  • It is used to check the database synchronization between routers.
  • It is used by the receiving routers to request more information about any entry in the LSDB.
  • It is used to establish and maintain adjacency with other OSPF routers.
Hint/Explanation: LSR packets are used by OSPF routers to request link-state database information from a neighbor.

2. What are two characteristics of OSPF areas? (Choose two.)

  • All OSPF areas must be directly connected to Area 0.
  • All OSPF networks require the use of multiple areas.
  • OSPF areas create a three-layer hierarchical design.
  • Each OSPF area must be configured with a loopback interface.
  • Single area OSPF networks must be configured in Area 1.
  • Area 0 is called the backbone area.
Hint/Explanation: OSPF is designed with a hierarchical architecture using the concept of areas. An area is a collection of connected networks and is identified with the network command. Area 0 is a special area known as the backbone. All other areas must connect to Area 0.

3. Which three requirements are necessary for two OSPFv2 routers to form an adjacency? (Choose three.)

  • The link interface on each router must be configured with a link-local address.
  • The two routers must include the inter-router link network in an OSPFv2 network command.
  • The link interface subnet masks must match.
  • The OSPFv2 process ID must be the same on each router.
  • The OSPFv2 process is enabled on the interface by entering the ospf process area-id command.
  • The OSPF hello or dead timers on each router must match.
Hint/Explanation: The OSPFv2 process ID does not have to be the same on each router, and it is enabled globally, not separately on each interface. OSPFv3 (IPv6) uses link-local addresses to form an adjacency with a neighbor router, and requires the OSPF process to be enabled on the interface.

4. A network technician issues the following commands when configuring a router:

R1(config)# router ospf 11
R1(config-router)# network area 0

What does the number 11 represent?

  • the autonomous system number to which R1 belongs
  • the area number where R1 is located
  • the administrative distance that is manually assigned to R1
  • the cost of the link to R1
  • the OSPF process ID on R1
Hint/Explanation: There is no autonomous system number to configure on OSPF. The area number is located at the end of the network statement. The cost of a link can be modified in the interface configuration mode. The process ID is local to the router.

5. Refer to the exhibit. When OSPF is operational and converged, what neighbor relationship is developed between router R1 and router R2?

  • A FULL adjacency is formed.
  • Both routers will become DROTHERS.
  • A 2WAY adjacency is formed.
  • Router R2 will become the DR and router R1 will become the BDR.
Hint/Explanation: When OSPF is operational and converged, a full adjacency is formed between routers.

6. Refer to the exhibit. What destination address will RTB use to advertise LSAs?

Hint/Explanation: A DR and BDR are elected on multiaccess networks to reduce the number of OSPF adjacencies formed. Non-DR routers will form adjacencies with the DR and BDR and send LSU packets to the AllDR-Routers multicast address of

7. A network administrator is implementing OSPF in a portion of the network and must ensure that only specific routes are advertised via OSPF. Which network statement would configure the OSPF process for networks,,, and, now located in the backbone area, and inject them into the OSPF domain?

  • r1(config-router)# network area 1
  • r1(config-router)# network area 1
  • r1(config-router)# network area 0
  • r1(config-router)# network area 1
  • r1(config-router)# network area 0
  • r1(config-router)# network area 0
Hint/Explanation: The network area 0 command has the correct network and wildcard mask combination to capture the four networks and activate the associated interfaces for area 0.

8. An administrator is configuring an OSPF router and would like the router to automatically advertise a default route into the OSPF domain even if there is no default route in the RIB. Which configuration will accomplish this?

  • network area 0
  • network area 0
  • default-information originate always
  • redistribute static
Hint/Explanation: To get an OSPF router to advertise a default route even if there is no default route in the RIB, use the default-information originate command with the always key word.

9. Which two variables must match between two OSPF routers to form a neighbor adjacency? (Choose two.)

  • hello and dead intervals
  • area IDs
  • K-values
  • router priorities
  • process IDs
Hint/Explanation: Several variables must match for an OSPF neighbor adjacency to be formed between two OSPF routers. These variables include: area ID, hello and dead timers, interface MTU, and interface subnet.

10. Match the OSPF LSA types to their descriptions. (Not all options are used.)

Hint/Explanation: OSPF uses link-state advertisement messages (LSAs) to build the LSDB and maintain routing tables. OSPF routers use LSA types 1 to 5 to describe the networks to which they are directly connected or networks which they learned from other routers. These networks can be located in other areas or can also be from non-OSPF networks. Some LSAs are used to identify an ASBR. Although most LSAs will be flooded across multiple areas, some LSAs are flooded only within the area where they originated.

11. Which two statements describe OSPF route summarization? (Choose two.)

  • The area 51 range command identifies area 51 as the area that contains the range of networks to be summarized.
  • OSPF can perform automatic summarization on major classful network boundaries even if no summarization commands are entered from the CLI.
  • The metric of the summary route is equal to the lowest cost network within the summary address range.
  • Once OSPF route summarization is configured, the summary route will be advertised even if none of the networks in the address range are in the routing table.
  • Automatic OSPF route summarization is performed by the ABR.
Hint/Explanation: When OSPF summary routes are being configured, the metric of the summary route is equal to the lowest cost network within the summary address range. The area 51 range command identifies area 51 as the area that contains the range of networks, through to be summarized.

12. Which type of LSA only exists on networks containing a DR?

  • router
  • network
  • AS external
  • summary
Hint/Explanation: A network LSA (type 2) is generated by a DR to identify the routers attached to the network segment.

13. At what level does OSPF maintain a unique LSDB?

  • router
  • area
  • link
  • network
Hint/Explanation: Each OSPF router maintains a link state database (LSDB) for each area it participates in.

14. Refer to the exhibit. What can be concluded about network in the R2 routing table?

  • This network should be used to forward traffic toward external networks.
  • This network was learned through summary LSAs from an ABR.
  • This network has been learned from an internal router within the same area.
  • This network is directly connected to the interface GigabitEthernet0/0.
Hint/Explanation: n a routing table, the designation O IA means the entry was learned from an interarea LSA that was generated from an ABR. The C label indicates a network that is directly connected to an interface on the router. The O label indicates a network that is advertised by another router in the same area. The label O*E2 indicates an external network. In this case, the network designation of indicates that this external network is the default route for all traffic that is destined for external networks.

15. What period of time must elapse before an LSA is purged from the local LSBD if not updated with a new LSA?

  • 900 seconds
  • 1800 seconds
  • 3600 seconds
  • 7200 seconds
Hint/Explanation: If not updated with a new LSA, LSAs in the local LSDB will age out at 3600 seconds and be purged from the LSDB.

16. What action does an ABR take when it receives a type 1 LSA?

  • it creates a type 3 LSA referencing the network in the type 1 LSA and forwards it into other OSPF areas.
  • it floods the type 1 LSA into other nonbackbone areas.
  • it recreates the type 1 LSA into Area 0.
  • it drops the type 1 LSA.
Hint/Explanation: When an ABR receives a type 1 LSA, it creates a type 3 LSA that references the network in the original type 1 LSA and then advertises that type 3 LSA into other areas.

17. Which type of LSAs are reduced through interarea summarization?

  • type 2 LSAs from DRs
  • type 3 LSAs from ABRs
  • type 1 LSAs from all OSPF routers
  • type 4 LSAs from ASBRs
Hint/Explanation: Interarea summarization reduces the number of type 3 LSAs advertised by an ABR.

18. Which LSA type is flooded by a designated router to other OSPF routers within the same area?

  • type 1
  • type 2
  • type 3
  • type 4
Hint/Explanation: Type 2 LSAs are flooded by the DR to inform other OSPF routers about multiaccess networks within an area.

19. What does an OSPF area contain?

  • routers that have the same link-state information in their LSDBs
  • routers whose SPF trees are identical
  • routers that share the same process ID
  • routers that share the same router ID
Hint/Explanation: An OSPF area contains one set of link-state information, although each router within the area will process that information individually to form its own SPF tree. OSPF process IDs are locally significant and are created by the administrator. Router IDs uniquely identify each router.

20. The network administrator has been asked to summarize the routes for a new OSPF area. The networks to be summarized are,, and with subnet masks of for each network. Which command should the administrator use to forward the summary route for area 15 into area 0?

  • area 15 range
  • area 15 range
  • area 0 range
  • area 0 range
Hint/Explanation: Because all OSPF networks start with area 0, the new area would need to be anything but area 0, The correct option would be area 15 range because this is the correct summarization of the networks in the new area 15. The summarization must come from area 15 to area 0, because all OSPF areas interconnect via area 0. The matching bits for the correct option, in binary, are: 10101100.00010000.00001 000.00000000 10101100.00010000.00001 010.00000000 10101100.00010000.00001 100.00000000

21. Which two OSPFv3 LSAs advertise address prefix information? (Choose two.)

  • type 1
  • type 2
  • type 4
  • type 8
  • type 9
Hint/Explanation: Two new LSA types are added to OSPFv3, type 8, link-local LSA, and type 9, interarea prefix LSA. These two LSAs advertise unicast prefixes and prevent the need for OSPF calculations when interface addresses are added or changed.

22. Refer to the exhibit. Which address will R1 use as the source address for all OSPFv3 messages that will be sent to neighbors?

  • 2001:DB8:ACAD:A::1
  • FE80::1
  • FF02::1
  • FF02::5
Hint/Explanation: All OSPFv3 messages are sourced from the link-local IPv6 address of an interface. Link local addresses use the prefix FE80::/10.

23. Which statement describes the OSPFv3 configuration process?

  • IPv6 routing must be enabled before the OSPFv3 process can start.
  • The network command is used to enable OSPFv3 on an interface.
  • The OSPFv3 router ID is manually configured as a 64-bit value.
  • An address family must be initialized before OSPFv3 is enabled on an interface.
Hint/Explanation: Before the OSPFv3 process will start, IPv6 routing must be enabled with the ipv6 unicast-routing command.

24. What IPv6 address does an OSPFv3 router use as the destination address when sending hello packets to discover neighbors?

  • FF02::5
  • FE80::2
  • FF02::6
  • FE80::1
Hint/Explanation: OSPFv3 Hello packets for discovering neighbors are sent to the all OSPFv3 router address FF02::5.

25. Which is a difference between OSPFv2 and OSPFv3?

  • OSPFv3 uses different packet types than OSPFv2.
  • OSPFv3 uses a 128-bit router ID.
  • OSPFv3 and OSPFv2 use different protocol ID numbers.
  • OSPFv3 does not have built in support for neighbor authentication.
Hint/Explanation: OSPFv2 has built in support for neighbor authentication which OSPFv3 does not. OSPFv3 relies on IPsec for neighbor authentication.

26. How are OSPFv3 routes that are learned from type 1 LSAs identified in the IPv6 routing table?

  • O
  • EX
  • OI
  • IA
Hint/Explanation: OSPFv3 uses the code O to identify intrarea routes learned from type 1 LSAs in the routing table.

27. A network administrator enters the command ipv6 router ospf 64 in global configuration mode. What is the result of this command?

  • The router will be assigned an autonomous system number of 64.
  • The OSPFv3 process will be assigned an ID of 64.
  • The reference bandwidth will be set to 64 Mb/s.
  • The router will be assigned a router ID of 64.
Hint/Explanation: The basic command to implement OSPFv3 on a router uses the same process-id parameter as OSPFv2 to assign a locally-significant number to the OSPF process. OSPF does not use autonomous system numbers. Following the assignment of the process ID, a prompt will direct the user to manually assign a router ID. After the router ID is assigned, the reference bandwidth can be set.

28. What benefit is provided to OSPFv3 with the two new LSA types, type 8 and type 9?

  • They advertise default routes learned from other protocols into the OSPFv3 domain.
  • They redistribute NSSA LSAs into an area.
  • They eliminate SPF calculations when interface addresses are added or changed.
  • They permit area routers to locate ASBRs in other areas.
Hint/Explanation: Two new LSA types are added to OSPFv3, type 8, link-local LSA, and type 9, interarea prefix LSA. These two LSAs advertise unicast prefixes and prevent the need for OSPF calculations when interface addresses are added or changed.

29. Refer to the exhibit. What two addresses will OSPFv3 neighbors connected to the g0/1 interface of R2 use as the destination address for sending OSPFv3 link-state updates to R2?

  • 2001:DB8:11:20::1
  • 2001:DB8:11::100
  • FF02::5
  • FF02::6
  • FE80::2
Hint/Explanation: Router R2 is a DR. Other OSPFv3 routers form an adjacency with the DR and send link-state updates to the ALLDRouters multicast ff02:06 and to the link -local address of the DR, which for g0/1 on R2 is fe80::2.
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